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A Guide to a career in Cyber Forensics

What is Cyber Forensics?

Cyber Forensics, also known as computer forensics, plays a vital role in investigation of Cyber attacks and Cyber crime. It involves extraction and analysis of digital evidence such as an electronic document and storage mediums.

Cyber Forensics deals with the extraction, preservation, collection, validation, identification, analysis, interpretation, documentation, and presentation of digital evidence derived from any such device that has a storage memory and basic computing power. Cyber Forensics experts are proficient in data recovery that encompasses recovering lost, encrypted, deleted, or damaged data and discovering hidden data residing in a system for investigation.

History

  • In 1978,first computer crime was recognized in Florida.
  • 1984 work began in the FBI Computer Analysis and Response Team (CART).
  • In 1992, Computer Forensics was introduced in academics.
  • 1995,International Organization on Computer Evidence (IOCE) came into force.
  • In 2000, the First FBI Regional Computer Forensic Laboratory was setup.
  • In 2002, first book on digital forensic called “Best practices for Computer Forensics” was published by Scientific Working Group on Digital Evidence (SWGDE).

Since then, several agencies, each with their own cyber crime divisions,digital forensics labs, dedicated onsite and field agents, collaborating actively in an effort to take on tasks.

India on Digital Forensics

India ranks 15 in the 2019 ranking and moved up to 18 in the 2020 rankings,in inverted scoring system.India also ranks 11th worldwide in the number of attacks caused by servers that were hosted in the country, which accounts of 2,299,682 incidents in 2020 as compared to 854,782 incidents detected in 2019, says the source.

The need for computer forensic experts is growing rapidly. According to a source, the Global Digital Forensics Market is estimated to reach $7 billion by 2024.As India continues to embrace technology and digitization, cybersecurity and digital forensics must be given maximum priority. Cyber forensics is the foundation for an effective and defensive measure against cyberattacks on civilians and government targets. It enables investigators to analyze computer systems after an attack to determine the extent of damage, recover lost data and find the perpetrators.

Opportunities

Several private investigation and cyber security firms hire freshers to perform data recovery.The average salary of a Computer Forensic Investigator is 758,388 per annum and may rise to 11-12 Lakhs pa within 5 years. This super-specialization field allows individuals to get into security and opens the widely acclaimed field of Cyber Security and Incident Response where packages can begin from 4 lakhs and rise up to 12 pa within a span of 5 years.These roles can be satisfied by Digital forensic students. Computer science engineers with knowledge in digital forensics can also cater to the field. Software engineers can perform source-code forensics. Although they are far and rare in India,they come with heavy packages. If you are planning a career in Cyber Forensics, the future is bright.

How to become a Computer Forensic Investigator

Get certified

A Certification in Cyber forensics will provide you with a foundation investigation and computer use,technologies and techniques used in the field. Experience will further advance one’s career and open senior job opportunies.

  • Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator(CHFI)
  • Texial Cyber Forensic Investigator

Get your first Job

Computer forensic jobs can be found in both Government and Private sector.

  • Security Consultant
  • Malware Analyst
  • Computer Forensic Investigator
  • Computer Forensic Technician
  • Information Security Analyst
  • Information Systems Security Analyst
  • Forensic Computer Analyst

Advance with experience

With years of experience one can advance their career as Senior Forensic Expert or start their own practice.

Skills needed

  • Knowledge of Digital storage,Computer OS,Basic programming,Malware & its types and Cyber Law.
  • Knowledge in Ethical/Legal aspects
  • Soft skills-Intuitive,Analytical,Logical,Critical,Problem solving,Communication.

Topics Covered in a Cyber Forensics Course 

The following section shall provide you an outline of the curriculum of Cyber Forensics, Cyber Crimes, Cyber Security & Cyber Law. 

  • Computer Forensics in Today’s World 
  • Computer Forensics Investigation Process 
  • Understanding Hard Disks and File Systems 
  • Operating System Forensics 
  • Defeating Anti-Forensics Techniques 
  • Data Acquisition and Duplication 
  • Network Forensics 
  • Investigating Web Attacks 
  • Database Forensics 
  • Cloud Forensics 
  • Malware Forensics 
  • Investigating E-mail Crimes 
  • Mobile Forensics 
  • Investigative Reports
Digital forensic has a board scope, thus copious amounts of tools go into an investigation. Digital forensic  has a number of sub categories ,for example  Mobile forensic, Memory forensic, Network forensic, Email forensic etc. Number of  tools are available for the same.Some of the major tools are:
Memory Forensic tools 
Autopsy 
X way forensic 
Ftk imager 
Bulkextractor 
Formost 
scalpel 
Email Forensic tools 
Xtraxtor 
Stellar email forensic 
Network Forensic tools 
Wireshark 
Network miner 
Mobile Forensic tools 
AF Logical OSE 
Open source android forensic 
LIME
 

Case Study

Krenar Lusha,2009

Krenar Lusha an illegal immigrant of the United Kingdom was arrested based on his internet search pattern. On conducting search on his laptop, it was found that he had downloaded a manual of 4300 GM to make explosives. When they searched his apartment for further investigation, the police also recovered documents entitled The Car Bomb Recognition Guide, 71.8 l of petrol, 4.5lb of potassium nitrate, Improvised Radio Detonation Techniques,Middle Eastern Terrorist Bomb Design, and The Mujahideen Explosives Handbook. The chats via MSN were also recovered from his laptop. He presented himself as a terrorist who wanted to see Jewish and Americans suffer. These conversations were retrieved from his computer and used as digital evidence in the court.

Cyber crime has been on rise for years.As people progressively conduct their personal lives and business online,the data becomes a leverage.With constantly growing cyber attacks the need for Cyber Forensic experts is growing rapidly.According to a source,the job demand in Cyber Forensics will rise upto 32% by 2028.

Texial Cyber Forensic Investigator-Texial Cybersecurity

The Texial Cyber Forensic Investigator training is a comprehensive program that consists of theoretical as well as practical training sessions to give students a hands-on learning experience in analyzing computer systems in the aftermath of a cyberattack and discern their causation.

Enroll in a Ethical Hacking Boot Camp and earn one of the industry’s most respected certifications — guaranteed.

-Live online ethical hacking instruction
– Exam Pass Guarantee
– CEH exam voucher

Related courses

  • Texial Certified Hacker
  • Certified Ethical Hacker
  • SOC Certifcation

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